My friend Jenna and I took the Motorcycle course at Calgary Safety Council back in August 2010, and we learned so much. They began with teaching us the parts of the bike, what to check for before getting on a bike. If I remember correctly, "F.I.N.E" stands for Fuel, Ignition, Neutral and Emergency brake. You should go over these steps before you begin to ride.
Our class was quite a large group, so we were split up into two, with two instructors each. We took the weekend course, which was 9-5pm on a Saturday and Sunday. Alternatively, people could take the course on weeknights, from 6-9 I believe for 3-4 days.
I went from never starting up or sitting on a moving bike... to being able to safely ride around in the parking lot. Jenna I returned for extra practice with Alfred, one of the instructors. I've certainly gained a lot of confidence in knowing more about how to handle motorcycles, but have a lifetime of practice ahead of me. My next goal is to get more experience and practice to obtain my license.